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George Helm


George Jarrett Helm Jr., (March 23, 1950 – March 7, 1977)was a Native Hawaiian aloha ʻāina activist, musician and hero from Kalamaʻula Molokai. A talented vocalist and keen philosopher, George Helm developed many ideas of Hawaiian Sovereignty that continue to inspire and lead our community today. George began his grassroots activism with the Molokai-based group Hui Alaloa in 1975, joining several community activists in their fight to develop and maintain Native Hawaiian access rights. Alongside our executive director Walter Ritte, Tutu George became deeply involved in the Protect Kahoʻolawe ʻOhana, an organization of Native Hawaiians that sought to end the bombing and military control of the island Kahoʻolawe. In 1976, George and eight others occupied the island in an effort to end the mistreatment of Kahoʻolawe. These individuals, named the "Kahoʻolawe Nine" were George Helm, Walter Ritte, Emmett Aluli, Gail Kawaipuna Prejean, Stephen K. Morse, Kimo Aluli, Ellen Miles, Ian Lind, and Karla Villalba of the Puyallup/Muckleshoot tribe. As the battle to protect Kahoʻolawe continued, George Helm proved himself to be a powerful leader and orator, appealing to the Hawaii State Legislature and U.S. Congress to end the target practice and return Kahoʻolawe to the Hawaiian people.



RESOURCES


McKinley, Ryan (May 22, 2007). "The music of George Helm". Ka Leo O Hawaii. Honolulu, HI, USA: University of Hawaii Board of Publications. Archived from the original on December 9, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012.

Jump up to:a b "The Music of George Helm - A True Hawaiian". ASIN B003M7J054. OCLC 41616363, 9058443. Archived from the original on December 9, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012.

Honolulu Magazine | The HONOLULU 100 - George Helm Jr. to Eddie Kamae". Honolulu. Honolulu, HI, USA: PacificBasin Communications. November 2005. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2012.

Enomoto, Catherine Kekoa (March 19, 1996). "George Helm's soulful music helped solidify a movement". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, HI, USA: Oahu Publications Inc., a Subsidiary of Black Press Ltd. Retrieved December 8, 2012.

kahoolawe catalog | 76.78". November 10, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2012."kahoolawe catalog | 77.78". November 10, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2012.Pages 1 & 2 of House Resolution # 493, House of Representatives, Eighth Legislature, 1976, State of Hawaii

Ritte, Jr., Walter; Sawyer, Richard (1978). Na Mana'o Aloha o Kaho'olawe: Hawai'i Warriors Love for Land and Culture. Honolulu, HI, USA: Aloha 'Aina o na Kupuna, Inc. ASIN B0006Y07P8. OCLC 8661294.

Morales, Rodney, ed. (January 1, 1984). HoʻiHoʻi Hou, a tribute to George Helm & Kimo Mitchell. Bamboo Ridge : the Hawaii writers quarterly. 22. Honolulu, HI, USA: Bamboo Ridge Press. ISBN 9780910043083. OCLC 23139318.

TenBruggencate, Jan (March 16, 2008). "Legend of a hero". The Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu, HI, USA: Gannett Company. OCLC 8807414. Retrieved December 14, 2012.

Vance, Kamuela (March 7, 2011). "George Helm – A Hawaiian Legacy". Kingdom of Hawaii. Retrieved December 14, 2012.

"A Place Called Hawaii". Toronto, Ontario, Canada: DownloadCentric Corporation. 10. Hawaiian Soul. ASIN B000078JK4. OCLC 52612749. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2012. Audio sample of song.

Osorio, Jon; Borden, Randy (April 13, 2012). "Hawaiian Soul". HUAPALA: Hawaiian Music and Hula Archives. Retrieved December 8, 2012. Written in honor of George Helm

Nihipali, Kunani; Pa, Ho'oipo Kalaena'auao; Kanahele, Pu'uhonua "Bumpy" (February 22, 2004). "Commentary: Akaka bill doesn't right wrongs done to Hawaiians". The Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu, HI, USA: Gannett Company. OCLC 8807414. Retrieved December 13, 2012.

"E pule kâkou. - Let us pray. Nâ Pule Hawai'i - Hawaiian Prayers". Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved December 13, 2012.


NEWSPAPER ARTICLES


Helm and Hu sub at Tavern

https://97aed850-1557-4bbf-a3bf-234824c80392.usrfiles.com/ugd/97aed8_33011cd0588b4e9aace1b8cc4a6c16db.pdf

January 8, 1975

Helm, Ritte blast offer to sell Lanai

https://97aed850-1557-4bbf-a3bf-234824c80392.usrfiles.com/ugd/97aed8_95e7ec80275449c98e5e53e4fa09842f.pdf

January 29, 1977

Kahoolawe ʻInvadedʻ in Protest of Bombings

https://97aed850-1557-4bbf-a3bf-234824c80392.usrfiles.com/ugd/97aed8_69088e330a004beca634406742b09767.pdf

January 31, 1977​

5 Men’s Trip Described as ʻNecessaryʻ

https://97aed850-1557-4bbf-a3bf-234824c80392.usrfiles.com/ugd/97aed8_be354b5fa466463b87049026333ce620.pdf

February 1, 1977

46 Searchers Comb Kahoolawe for Pair

https://97aed850-1557-4bbf-a3bf-234824c80392.usrfiles.com/ugd/97aed8_774f332c879446ccb7688d5aab4a2791.pdf

February 4, 1977

Suit Filed on Kahoolawe

https://97aed850-1557-4bbf-a3bf-234824c80392.usrfiles.com/ugd/97aed8_46417f7918d244fd859c44ed243919ba.pdf

February 10, 1977

Akaka Hears Kahoolawe ʻOhana Concerns

https://97aed850-1557-4bbf-a3bf-234824c80392.usrfiles.com/ugd/97aed8_82785e5991614d96aaf13a11143a4e9e.pdf

February 18, 1977

A Tale of Two Target Islands

https://97aed850-1557-4bbf-a3bf-234824c80392.usrfiles.com/ugd/97aed8_0f3dd953b2b34d13b123ecc45026b15c.pdf

February 24, 1977


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